Capital city of Russia
Moscow is the Capital city of Russia, founded in 1147 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky Russian, are small village on the banks of the Moscow River.
For a great part of the twentieth century, the capital of the former Soviet Union and the Soviet Socialist Republic of Russia was. With 10,562,099 permanent residents (2010) is the most populous city in Russia and Europe. Moscow is a major economic center and an important political, cultural and scientific center of the country.
The city’s name originates from the river crossing called Moscova or Moscow in the Russian literally ancient city of Moscow River.
The origin of the name is unknown, although there are several theories. One theory suggests that the origin of the name comes from an old Finnish language, meaning “dark” and “cloudy”. The first Russian reference to Moscow dates back to 1147, when Yuri Dolgoruky called for the Prince of Novgorod to “come to me brother to Moscow”.
Interesting facts about Moscow
After the firing of 1237 – 1238, after the Mongols, the city burned and killed its inhabitants, Moscow reclaimed and became the capital of an independent Principality in 1327. Its favorable to the leader of the Volga River contributed to the position constantly expanding. Moscow became a stable and prosperous city for many years and attracted a large number of refugees from all over Russia.
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In 1380, Prince Dmitry Donskoi of Moscow led the Russian army to a great victory over the Tatars in the battle of Kulikovo which was not crucial. Only two years later Moscow was fired by Khan Toqtamish. In 1480, Ivan III finally broke the Tartar rule, which allowed Moscow to become the center of power in Russia. During the reign of Ivan III, the city became the capital of an empire that would ultimately cover all current Russia and other countries.
Situated in a privileged position and as a hydraulic passage for different routes, Moscow is located on the banks of the Moscow River in the western part of the country.
Moscow has a continental climate with hard and long winters and short summers and mild. Cloudy and overcast days are common for the whole year, so in winter the average sunshine hours rarely exceed 15 minutes a day.
Winter temperatures rarely exceed 0 ° C, with abundant snow days. Snow on the city’s streets can remain perfect for half a year, from late October to early April. In severe cold waves temperatures can fall to -50 ° C, even lower temperatures have been recorded several times to date.
Spring in the first weeks is cold, although generally mild from April to May, when rainy days begin to be frequent.
In summer, temperatures rise in special cases at 35 ° C with heat waves, although typically between 10 ° C and 30 ° C. Storms are also common. The maximum precipitation occurs at this station, which coincided with the time of higher temperatures.
During the fall, the transition from hot to cold returns, and the snow back to normal since the end of October.
Since the financial crisis in Russia in 1998, several sectors experienced significant growth. Moscow’s primary industries include chemicals, metallurgy, food, textiles, furniture, energy production, software development and machinery.
In the historical center of Moscow pre-revolutionary buildings prevailed that were built at the end of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries before the October Revolution in 1917. It is also highlighted in the city’s buildings Stalin period, 1950. These buildings are often Located in the main streets and roads of the city, such as Tverskaya, Kutuzovski and Leninski and Leningradski roads.
Finally, the buildings in Moscow try to adapt to modern times. Proof of this is the plan that holds the prestigious British architect Norman Foster to build a business area known as the city of Moscow, on the banks of the Moscow River, where the tower stands Russia. This great tower must be ready for 2011, and is expected to measure 600 meters high. The 520,800 square meter surface of the complex also housed an office, hotel and residential area.
In Moscow are the main frescoes and icons from Russia. There are several historical buildings that contain the icon’s great artists, such as the cathedrals of the Kremlin, the Cathedral of the Assumption and the Church Reign of Virgo. The paintings are often found in many mosque churches. The most remarkable murals are found in churches such as Holy Trinity in Nikitniki of the Cathedral of Sretsky Monastery or Church St. John the Warrior.