Dili : Capital City of Timor-leste

Capital City of Timor-leste

Dili . City that is located in East Timor of which is the capital. It is located on the north coast of the island of Timor.

Dili Capital City of Timor-leste

Interesting Facts about Dili

Dili was founded by the Portuguese in 1520 and in 1769 , then became the new capital of the Portuguese Timor, replacing Lifau, in the present enclave of Oecussi-Ambeno, as it was too vulnerable to the attacks of the Dutch. During World War II , Dili was occupied by the Japanese. The 28 of November of 1975 East Timor made a unilateral declaration of independence from Portugal . But, nine days later, on 7 December, Indonesian forces invaded Dili. On 17 July as as 1976 Indonesia annexed East Timor, who called Timor Timur, with Dili as its capital.

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In 1991 , the Dili massacre occurred, which gave international support to the independence cause of East Timor. On 20 May 2002 , Dili became the capital of the independent state of East Timor.

Dili Capital City of Timor-leste

It is located on the northern coast of the island of Timor, which lies between Australia and Celebes . It was the capital and the main port of the Portuguese Timor until 1975 , when its control ended and the Indonesian one began . The city is built on a series of rocky hills, opens to the Strait of Ombai and the Banda Sea and is protected by a coral reef .

It is the most populous city with a population of 67,000 at the beginning of 2002 , according to the Transitional Administration for East Timor (UNTAET). They are followed in population size Baucau, Manatuto and Los Palos.


It has a subtropical and generally hot and humid climate, characterized by a period of rains and a dry period.

Economic development
The economy of the city is based on the production of coffee and the manufacture of soaps , perfumes and textiles, and the export of products such as cotton , rice , coffee or sandalwood . The Cathedral of the Immaculate is the largest Catholic church in Southeast Asia. Population (2003), 48,731 inhabitants.

Dili Capital City of Timor-leste

It is the main port and commercial center of the country. It has an airport, renowned after independence as Nicolau Lobato , used for commercial and military flights.

Social development

The health system is precarious, Dili’s general hospital is a clear example of the health system’s situation throughout East Timor. Since the hasty withdrawal of Indonesians in early 1999 , the ICRC is in charge of administering it. Today, this 210-bed hospital is  fully staffed with about 350 employees, 26 of them expatriates, mostly made available by National Red Cross Societies .

The most common diseases are malaria , tuberculosis and gastroenteritis . Complications of obstetrics and road accidents are on the increase and care must be taken without delay. Although there are many Timorese nurses, the country’s doctors are very few: only three in the Dili hospital. In average terms, there are two for every 100,000 inhabitants, that is, about 20 for all East Timor.


Destruction of their union offices: East Timor Teacher Union (ETTU) affiliated with Education International was destroyed during the violence that hit Dili in February and March 2008 . The teachers’ union has not been able to function normally since then.

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