The capital city of France is Paris. It is located in the only uninhabitable part of the country. It is located on both banks of a long meander of the Seine river, in the center of the Parisian Basin, between the confluence of the river Marne and the Seine upstream, and the Oise and the river Seine waters down.
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History About Paris
Although the site of Paris which is the capital city of France has been occupied by man for 7 000 years, the history of the city really begins to be written in Century III ane . At that time, the Gallic tribe of the Parisii decided to settle on the island of the Cité, strategic point of passage to the north of the country and the trade of tin. Aware of the strategic challenge of the site, Julius Caesar sends his troops to crush the Gauls and seizes the place. In the year 52 ane occurs the Battle of Lutecia . Afterwards, the city is rebuilt by the occupants on the Cité and, on the left bank, along the northern slope of the Mountain Saint Geneveva.
Capital City Of France
Lutecia acquires form. In the first and second centuries, the old amphitheater and the thermal baths of Cluny were built . The thermal baths are fed by an aqueduct that crosses the Bièvre, a river that later runs under the city. The monument is the reflection of a typically Roman way of life. In the year 280, the city is destroyed by the barbarian invasions. From Century IV , Lutecia is renamed with the name of Paris. In 451, an event marks the memories in a lasting way: the religious Saint Genoveva managed to deflect the greed of Attila , king of the Huns. She will become the patron saint of Paris which is the capital city of France.
Napoleon is consecrated Emperor in Notre-Dame in 1804 . Paris which is the capital city of France owes the canal of the Ourcq , the construction of the quays, the excavation of the sewers, the numbering of the houses, etc. The barricades are erected in the capital: it is the revolution of July, which overthrew Carlos X in 1830 .
Six years later, under Louis Philippe , the triumphal arch of l’Étoile was completed. The revolution of 1848 culminates with the proclamation of the Second Republic. In 1852 , the second Empire sees how the capital is transformed under the baton of the prefect Haussmann .
Paris and the two world wars
During the First World War , Paris which is the capital city of France was saved from the German offensive by winning the Battle of the Marne . In contrast, the city does not escape the German occupation of 1940 to 1944 . The collaborationist State led by Marshal Pétain , settled in Vichy .
Interesting Facts About Paris
Paris which is the capital city of France is located in the north of France, north of the great curve of the Seine. In the center of the city stand out two islands that constitute its oldest part, Île Saint-Louis and the Island of the Cité. In general, the city is relatively flat, and the lowest altitude is 35 meters above sea level. In Paris which is the capital city of France stand out several hills, being the highest Montmartre with 130 meters.
Paris is one of the engines of the world economy. In 2006, the GDP of the Paris which is the capital city of France Region was estimated by INSEE at 500 billion Euros . If it were a country, this region would be the seventeenth largest economy in the world (until 2006), with GDP almost as large as that of the Netherlands . Although in terms of population, the urban area of Paris represents less than 20% of the urban area of France, the GDP reaches 28.4% of the total. In terms of urban areas, according to the United Nations, its GDP is the fifth largest in the world after Tokyo , New York , Los Angeles and Chicago , and the first in Europe. Its GDP is comparable to the GDP of small countries of the first world.
Paris has been the most important cultural and artistic center of Western history. In it were born, formed or developed their careers French figures of the stature of René Descartes , Voltaire , Victor Hugo , Émile Zola , Alexandre Dumas , son, Edgar Degas and Claude Monet among others.s
From the beginning of the 19th century until the end of the 1960s, Paris was the world center of art. This period received its brilliance from emblematic representatives of French art such as Braque , Duchamp or Matisse and several foreign artists such as Samuel Beckett , Brancusi , Bertolt Brecht , Luis Buñuel , Ernest Hemingway , James Joyce , Pablo Picasso and Igor Stravinski .