The capital city of Cuba is Havana and at the same time one of the then fifteen provinces of Cuba. It is the most populous city in Cuba and throughout the Caribbean island, with a population of over two million people, according to 2010 data from the Statistical Office of Cuba. The territory of the capital occupies the sixteenth place in extension between the provinces with 726.75 square kilometers, accounting for 0.7 percent of the total land area.
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History About Havana
In the Plaza de Armas , which was in colonial times the center of official and public life of the City of Havana which is the capital city of Cuba, stands a monument called El Templete . In its commemorative column there is an inscription in Latin.
In 1774 the first official census of Cuba was made: 171,670 inhabitants, of whom 44,333 are slaves. Between 1789 and 1790 the diocese of Cuba is divided: the main church of Havana which is the capital city of Cuba is erected in cathedral while the old miter remains in Santiago de Cuba. Six years later, the 15 of January of 1796 , come to Havana which is the capital city of Cuba the remains of Christopher Columbus from Santo Domingo.
Capital City Of Cuba
Since Spain no longer had a monopoly on trade, Havana which is the capital city of Cuba became a more flourishing city, and in 1818 it was a free port. Luxury and voluptuousness were installed. The shops offered the latest shout of fashion, the theaters received the best actors of the moment, the bourgeoisie enriched to build splendid mansions with columns, there was talk of the Paris of the Antilles.
The nineteenth century opens with the arrival in Havana which is the capital city of Cuba of Alexander von Humboldt, who is impressed by the vitality of the port of Havana. In 1837 the first railway section, 51 km, was inaugurated between Havana which is the capital city of Cuba and Güines , which is used to transport sugar from the Ariguanabo Valley to the port of the city. With this, Spain becomes the fifth country in the world to have a railway (since Cuba belonged to Spain at the time) and the first of the Spanish-speaking countries.
The climate of the city is tropical as in the rest of the island. However it receives a greater continental influence in winter, due to its proximity to the south coast of the United States , which makes the temperatures are cooler in these months, the minimum registered temperature is 2.0ºC in the locality of Santiago de las Vegas In the municipality of Boyeros , although during the winter season 2010 – 2011 , values below 1.4ºC were registered. In addition there is a great oceanic influence in the climate, because the Gulf Stream passes against the coasts of the Cuban West. Rainfall is abundant in October and September and quite rare in April and March. The hurricanes that hit the island,
The city is home to several international cultural events such as the Havana Ballet Festival , the Havana Film Festival, the Jazz Plaza Festival and the International Book Fair .
Hometown of José Martí National Hero , known as the key to the New World and antemural of the West Indies for its strategic location, it is one of the most important cities in Latin America for events located in the Gulf of Mexico
Interesting Facts About Havana
Fortress of San Carlos de la Cabaña : is a fortress located to the east of the bay. La Cabaña is the largest fortress built by Spain in America. This one was constructed from the English invasion and finalized at the end of Century XVIII. At present, the main venue of the International Book Fair and the Havana Biennial, among other events.
National Capitol of Cuba : Capitol of Havana : it was built in 1929 to house the Senate and the House of Representatives. This colossal building is visible from almost the whole city with its imposing dome. Inside is the Statue of the Republic. Today it is the headquarters of the Academy of Sciences of Cuba .
Castillo del Morro : it is a picturesque fortress at the entrance of the port of Havana inside there is a lighthouse of great power that directs navigation.
Cemetery of Columbus : cemetery and open air museum. It is the most famous and great cemetery in all America, known for its beauty and the magnificence of its sculptures, is considered as third of world importance, preceded only by the one of Staglieno in Genoa .
The economic development of Havana was largely due to its geographical location, which made it one of the main commercial hubs of the New World. From the beginning, the city found a source of enrichment in the sugar industry and the slave trade, and later when Cuba achieved its independence, it became a famous holiday destination.
Before the triumph of the revolution in 1959 – and especially between 1915 and 1930 – tourism was one of the main sources of currency in Cuba (surpassed only by sugar and tobacco). Havana, where a libertine attitude prevailed in everything related to pleasure, was the most popular destination in the Caribbean, especially for the Americans, who sought to evade the restrictions imposed by the Seca Law at that time.