Beijing : The Capital City Of China

capital city of China

The capital city of China is Beijing . It is the political, economic, cultural and communications center of the country, as well as international exchanges. It is one of the largest cities in the world; Is flat and perfectly squared. In 2008 he was the host of the 2008 Beijing which is the capital city of china Olympics . They formed the XXIX Olympic Games, which were held in Beijing (capital city of China). The inauguration was held on August 8 at 8:00 PM at the Bird Nest Stadium, with a total of 205 delegations from around the world and closed on August 24.

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The city is in the northern part of northern China. To the west are the Taihang Mountains ; To the north, the Yanshan Mountains and the immense plateau of Inner Mongolia, To the east, the Bohai Gulf, And to the southeast, the Great Plain of North China.

History About Beijing

Historically Beijing which is the capital city of China was one of the ancient capitals of China. Since the Shang Dynasty (between the 16th century – 11th century ) was overthrown by King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty , who defeated the Yan region from Principe Shao, has a history of more than 3,000 years.

capital city of China

Capital City Of China

The four seasons are very marked. In winter the climate is cold and dry; In Summer there is a tropical heat and abundant rain; And autumn is cool and nice. The annual rainfall level is 600 millimeters on average.


Located in the temperate zone of the monsoons, it is quite nice during spring and fall. The hottest month is July, with an average temperature of 30ºC, and the coldest, January, with an average of almost -5ºC.

More than 400 deposits and gene banks of wild flora varieties have been founded in the country, so that more than a thousand varieties of wild flora have managed to establish a stable artificial population. In January 2003 , the Chinese Academy of Sciences sponsored a Threatened Flora Rescue Project, which plans to increase, within 15 years, 13,000 to 21,000 botanical species from 12 botanic gardens under its supervision, and Build the world’s largest botanical garden of an area of ​​458 square kilometers.

Social development

Beijing has developed rapidly in many areas and the construction of the city makes great progress from day to day. Especially since the policy of reform and opening up abroad began in 1978 , it has become the national and international rail and air transport hub. To meet the needs of visitors, many star-scale hotels have been erected along with comprehensive tourist infrastructure and gastronomy services. In addition, transportation in the city is easy and there are overpasses.


There are about 100 universities, some very famous such as Beijing University, Qinghua University and other institutions of higher learning. Not only have there been countless Chinese intellectuals and men of talent, but also many foreign professionals.

Interesting Facts About Beijing

Classical Beijing buildings

In Beijing is a concentration of magnificent buildings of classic style, which represent the heyday of the ancient architecture of China. The city had both inner and outer walls built in the Ming Dynasty.

Although the walls now cease to exist, their doors and the most important towers still remain intact. For example the entire complex of the Imperial Palace, the largest of its kind in the world and known as the Forbidden City , and the Tian’anmen Gate ; The Temple of Heaven , which stands in the south of the city, and the Summer Palace , a real summer resort in the northeast.

Tiananmen Square, the largest public square in the world, is the center of Beijing. In its middle there is the Monument to the Heroes of the People and in the south is located the Mao Zedong Memorial Palace. The Palace of the People’s Assembly is located west of the Plaza, and to the east, the Museum of Chinese History, and the Museum of the Chinese Revolution. Tiananmen Square is now a favorite place for both Chinese and foreigners to see Beijing. In addition the Beihai and Jingshan Parks, the Scented Hill , as well as the picturesque area of ​​Badachu fascinate tourists alike.

Science and culture

Modern science and culture have also developed considerably and have made it the largest scientific and cultural center in China today. Here you will find the largest national library, the Beijing Library, the largest sports facilities in the country and first-class hospitals. It is the center of press and editions of the country, home to dozens of national-level art ensembles, and its 120 museums have earned it the name of “city of museums”


It is a city full of attractions. Perhaps the only city on the planet that has so many monuments considered by UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace, the Temple of Heaven and the Site of the Man of Beijing, have deserved that qualification.

Economic development

The total gross domestic product for 2007 was 121 billion yuan, an increase of 50.2% over the previous year. GDP per capita was 20,746 yuan. The tertiary sector, especially the real estate and automobile sector, especially luxury, has grown spectacularly in recent years. In 2002 , a total of 19.044 million square meters of housing were sold, for an amount of 81.38 billion yuan. During the same period, 946,000 cars were sold. The total number of registered automobiles exceeds six million, of which 79% are privately owned.

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