Victoria City: Capital of Hong Kong

Capital of Hong Kong

The Capital of Hong Kong is Victoria City. It is a special administrative region located in eastern China, near the delta of the Pearl River, and consists of a peninsula and several islands. It is currently one of the most influential cities in Southeast Asia. Its more than 7 million inhabitants in just 1,000 square kilometers give rise to one of the most densely populated regions on the planet.

The Capital of Hong Kong is Victoria City with a recent colonial past, as it ceased to depend on the United Kingdom in 1997; Hong Kong is one of the five most populated Chinese cities and also one of the most westernized. This is due in large part to the close contact which, due to its colonial character, has maintained with European and British culture. Despite this, many Chinese traditions remain in the city, one of the two regions of the country, with Macao, as a special administrative region.

Victoria City Capital of Hong Kong  History

The Capital of Hong Kong is Victoria City historically; the Hong Kong region has been occupied by the Chinese since the Neolithic era. Initially these formed a small fishing community, being the refuge area of ​​opium pirates and smugglers. In the 17th century, the region witnessed the struggles between the Ming Dynasty and the Ping Dynasty, participating in the history of China itself.

It is after the First Opium War that the island of Hong Kong occupies a place in history when it was ceded, indefinitely, by China to Great Britain through the Treaty of Nanking of 1842. After the Second Opium War and the Convention of Peking of 1860 part of the Kowloon Peninsula and: new concessions to Britain agree island of Stonecutters. The surface of the colony increased significantly with the incorporation of the New Territories, part of the Kowloon peninsula and the island of Lantau, leased to Britain for 99 years from the 1 of July of 1898 until 30 June 1997. After the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912, Hong Kong became for the first time a political refuge for Chinese exiles from the mainland. In 1937, during China’s war with Japan for Manchuria it became again asylum for hundreds of thousands of Chinese displaced by the Japanese invasion.

Interesting Facts about Victoria City


The region of Hong Kong is formed by a peninsula and 236 islands, of which the best known is the island of Hong Kong proper.

Islands Hong Kong Island

Taken by the English in 1840, the island of Hong Kong is the most modern area and concentrates most of the enterprises of the Kong Kong administrative region. In the north of the island is Victoria Bay, home to Hong Kong’s most famous buildings: Bank of China Tower, Two International Finance Center, Central Plaza and others. In addition to the financial district we will find two points of great interest: Victoria Peak and Aberdeen Bay.

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It is the most densely populated area of ​​Hong Kong with a density of 43,000 inhabitants per square kilometer. It is located to the north of the Island of Hong Kong and is the most residential and chaotic area of ​​Hong Kong. In South Kowloon is the Tim Sha Tsui area, where you get the best views of Victoria Bay.

Lantau Island

It is the largest in Hong Kong and is home to Hong Kong International Airport , Hong Kong Disneyland Theme Park and Po Lin Monastery , where you can see the highest sitting Buddha in the world with 24 meters height. The whole island is very different from the rest of Hong Kong. The island of Lantau is a natural place that offers relaxation and tranquility.

New Territories

It is the most northerly area of ​​Hong Kong and its wider area. In it’s almost 1000 square kilometers live more than 3.5 million people.


Hong Kong has a subtropical climate with clearly differentiated seasons. The typhoon season runs from May through November. Climate according to season:

Spring (March – May) it is characterized by rising temperature and humidity. The nights can be cold.

Summer (June – August) it is characterized by heat, humidity and sun, with showers and occasional storms.

Autumn (September – November) it is characterized by a lot of sun, soft breezes and very pleasant temperatures. For many people, this is the best time of year to travel to Hong Kong.

Winter (December – February) it is characterized by cold, dry and cloudy weather, with occasional cold fronts. The temperature may drop below 10 ° C in urban areas.

Economic development

Its financial importance (it is one of the 20 most important financial centers in the world), based on its great commercial activity, has also caused that it is one of the Chinese cities with greater percentage of foreign population, although it’s almost seven million inhabitants (data Of 2002 of the Hong Kong Tourism Board) are mostly Chinese, and the most spoken dialect, Cantonese, although the use of putonghua is growing.


More and more tour operators include Hong Kong as a stop on their combined packages to China or as the main travel destination. Traveling to Hong Kong can be a fascinating experience, because of the seductive nature of the cosmopolitan center and the tranquility of its surroundings. The plethora of leisure activities available, its nightlife and its combination of Chinese tradition with Western modernity make it a unique place.

Social development


Regarding education, Hong Kong still shows traces of its colonial occupation in its educational system, while it takes some of its characteristics from the British model.

Among its universities include the University of Hong Kong (University of Hong Kong), the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Chinese University of Hong Kong), the City University of Hong Kong (the City University of Hong Kong), the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (University of Science and Technology of Hong Kong) and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Polytechnic University of Hong Kong).


Chinese traditional languages ​​(Mandarin and Cantonese are mixed at times) coexist with English, the second official language and widely used in the region.

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