The capital city of Canada is Ottawa. It is the fourth largest city in Canada and capital of the country. It is located on the banks of the Ottawa River in the southeast of the province of Ontario.
Capital City Of Canada
The 31 of December of 1857 the Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom chose her to be the capital of Canada because it was a neutral city to the predominant source communities English and French and its distant geographical position of the border with an enemy potential The time, which was none other than the United States of America.
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All the services of the city are bilingual, they are offered in English and French, since in Ottawa which is the Capital city of canada although the Anglophone population prevails, there is also a significant Francophone population that, according to the 2005 census, occupies 32.6% of its population. population.
History About Ottawa
The region that occupies the city of Ottawa which is the capital city of Canada was inhabited by the native Algonquian Americans long before the arrival of the first European explorers. These natives called the Ottawa River “Kichesippi” ( Great River ) and called themselves “Kichesippirini” (Big River People). However French fur traders.
In 1800 Philemon Wright , a farmer of Massachusetts who began to cultivate an area to the north of the river Ottawa which is the capital city of Canada founded a community dedicated to the agriculture and the timber trade, which he called Villa de Wright that later took the name of Hull and today in Day is part of the city of Gatineau . Due to the commercial success achieved, other settlers began to settle the region.
The construction of the channel was directed by Lieutenant Colonel John By and was carried out between 1826 and 1832 . Due to his meritorious work this colonel is considered the first builder and planner of what would later become the capital of Canada. At first, these areas were used for the construction of fortifications, but later they became the Buildings of the Parliament of Canada .
When the canal was completed, the following years saw the Bytown settlement grow and thrive, largely thanks to the burgeoning timber industry. In 1850 the great and prosperous community was elevated to the statute of city that counted then with more than ten thousand inhabitants, but its name stopped being Bytown and was changed definitively to City of Ottawa.
Interesting Facts About Ottawa
Ottawa is located in the southeastern tip of the province of Ontario , on the banks of the Ottawa River, which forms the border between the provinces of Ontario and Quebec , about 400 kilometers east of Toronto and 200 kilometers west of Montreal . Its breadth occupies the mouths of the Rideau River and the Rideau Canal .
Weather Ottawa’s climate is temperate. Temperatures vary considerably throughout the year, with temperatures above 35 ° C in the summer and under -35 ° C in the winter, the peak record being 37.8 ° C dating from the summer of 1986 , But if we consider the humidity of the air, the maximum was 48 ° C, recorded on August 1, 2006. the minimum temperature recorded was -36.1 ° C recorded in the winter of 1943, but if it is included the wind chill, the lowest was -47.8 ° C, the 8 of January of 1968 .
In Ottawa summers are relatively warm and humid although they are usually short. The average temperature in summer is 26.5 ° C, although temperatures of 30 ° C or more are frequent. During periods of high temperatures, high humidity is an aggravating factor, especially near rivers.
The city and its main areas.
The oldest part of the city is known as “Ciudad Baja” and occupies the area between the canal and the rivers. Crossing the channel to the west is the commercial and financial center of the city called “downtown” and between this and the Ottawa River there is a small elevation where Parliament Hill is located that is the legislative seat of Canada, there are also Located much of the government buildings of the capital.
According to the census of 2005 , Ottawa has an estimated population of 859,704 inhabitants, although adding the population of the suburbs the figure rises to 1,148,785 people.
Ottawa is a city with a great technological development that is why they call it the “national capital of high technology”. It houses the headquarters of more than 800 companies, which in their vast majority are specialized in advanced research, especially in the Environmental technology, software creation and development , space research and telecommunications, yet the public sector is the one that most people occupy in the city, only about 72,000 work for the national government.