The capital city of Cyprus is Nicosia as well as of the Turkish Republic of the North of Cyprus , it is also the capital of the district of Nicosia which is the capital city of Cyprus. It is located in the center of the island, within the limits of the Mesaoria Valley, specifically between the coordinates: 35º 10 ‘N 33º 21’ to 128 meters above sea level, on the Pedieos River. The city has a population of 270,000.
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Capital City Of Cyprus
It is the only capital city in the world divided by a wall, the northern part of Turkish descent and the southern Greek, separated by the so-called Green Line, which is a demilitarized zone controlled and maintained by the United Nations . In real terms the terms “North Nicosia” which is the capital city of Cyprus and “South Nicosia” are very rarely used in the daily life of the city.
History About Nicosia
In ancient times the city was known as Ledra or Ledrae and in 1192 became the seat of the kings of Cyprus centuries later in 1489 became part of the Republic of Venice and by 1571 fell into the hands of the Turks.
After the Turkish invasion in 1974 the island was literally divided in half as the Turks came to occupy a 36% of the whole territory and since that date of extreme violence and after independence even part of the northern part of the city is inside Of the boundaries of a zone monitored by the UN in the so-called Green Line.
The city of Nicosia which is the capital city of Cyprus belongs to the district of the same name of which it is its capital, it is located approximately in the center of the island of Cyprus, specifically within the valley of Mesaoria or Mesarya, that is delimited to the north by the mountain chain of Kyneria Known also as mountains Besparmak and to the south by the mountains of Troodos, to 128 meters on the level of the sea, on the banks of Pedieos river.
Maximum average temperature recorded in one year 44 ° C.
Maximum daily average temperature recorded in one year 25.9 ° C.
Minimum daily average temperature recorded in one year 12.5 ° C.
Minimum average temperature recorded in one year -6 ° C.
Total mean precipitation recorded in one year 345 mm.
The economy of the city is based on trade and manufactures textiles, leather, plastic and other products. Copper extraction is also carried out in mines located near the city.
Interesting Facts About Nicosia
Laiki Yitonia : is a pedestrian area that comprises a large part of the old quarter and has become an example of the urban architecture of the city and all over Cyprus.
Church of Faneromeni : is the largest of Nicosia in size. The portal of the church is made up of three full archivolts, with fine collars and intercolumnios chiseled with vegetal motifs. On the closing of the arches, a sinuous and salient molding houses the indispensable cross raised by two children and flanked by archaic pilasters.
Church of Tripiotis : it is a clear example example of the franco Byzantine style, emphasizing its rich interior. It has a roundabout of sixteen faces that surrounds an octagonal radiant nucleus of two bodies, in which open slightly pointed arches, supported in columns with Romanesque-Byzantine capitals.
Monastery of San Irakleidios : it is a monastery that formerly was a cave where it lived. Irakleidios Archbishop of Tamassos after his death began the construction of this old building.
Cathedral of St. Ioannis : is a church of references for the orthodox Christianity of the city, and seat of the archbishopric.
Arab Ahmet Mosque : a mosque that shows the faithful reflection of the wide Turkish presence on the island, this building offers the possibility of getting in touch with the Arab culture and the Ottoman heritage.
Omeriyeh Mosque or Old Saint Sophia Cathedral : this mosque is full of historical connotations, has a past and an origin rooted in the ruins of a church.
Museum of Cypriot History : it is a museum that offers Cypriot antiques ranging from the Neolithic to the Byzantine period . It is undoubtedly the most important museum of the island, housing numerous samples of pottery, sculptures and jewels, which shows the importance of art in the successive cultural epochs that crossed the city and the island.
The city of Nicosia has educational centers where all levels of education are taught including the university, the latter includes public and private higher education establishments on both sides of the Green Line.
The various centers of higher studies offer undergraduate, master’s and doctoral degrees, among which you can find the University of Cyprus, the University of Nicosia, Frederick University, the Open University of Cyprus, the European University of Cyprus, the University The Middle East, the International University of Cyprus and the Institute of High Technology of Cyprus.