Capital City

Kiev : Capital City of Ukraine

Capital City of Ukraine

Kiev is the largest and capital city of Ukraine was in the central north of the country on the banks of the Dnieper. Kiev is an important industrial, science, education and cultural center in Eastern Europe. It is home to many high tech industries, universities and places of historical interest. The city has a complete infrastructure and public transport system sophisticated, including Kiev Metro.

Kiev Capital City of Ukraine

Interesting fact about Kiev


Geographic Kiev belongs to the Polesian ecological zone (part of European mixed forest). But a unique landscape of the city is different from the environment.

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Kiev is located on both sides of the Dnepr River, which runs south through the city towards the Black Sea. Border right (west) of the city is represented by numerous woody hills, gorges and small rivers. It is part of the Dnieper plateaus along the western bank of Dnieper in its stream. Kiev extended the lowland of Dnieper from the left (east), only in the twentieth century. Important areas of the left bank of the Dnepr Valley were created artificially deposited with sand and are protected by dams.

Kiev Capital City of Ukraine

The Dnieper is a branching system tributaries, islands and harbors within the city limits. The city is bordered by the river Desna and the Kiev reservoir to the north and the canyon reservoir in the south. Both Dnieper and Desna are defeated in Kiev, despite locking deposits regulated and restricted by freezing in the winter.


According to the National Census of Ukraine, the population of Kiev in 2001 was 2,611,300. According to the census of men, they accounted for 1,219,000 people, or 46,7%, and the women in 1.393,000 people or 53.3%. Comparison of the results with the previous census (1989) shows the development of population aging, which, although widely used throughout the country, will be partially offset in Kiev on arrival of immigrants in working age. According to data from counts, more than 130 nationalities and ethnic groups live in the area of ​​Kiev. Ukrainians are the largest ethnic group in Kiev, such as 2,110,800 people or 82,2% of the population. Russian comprises 337 300 (13.1%), 17,900 Jews (0.7%), Bielorrusos 16,500 (0,6%), Polish 6900 (0.3%), Armenian 4900 (0.2%), Azerbaijanian 2600) , Tartar 2500 (0.1%), Georgian 2400 (0.1%), moldavo 1900 (0.1%). Both the Ukrainian and Russian are widespread in the city to be the most used Russian in the center of the city, although the Ukrainian mother tongue claimed almost three times as many inhabitants as the Russians.

Kiev Capital City of Ukraine


Municipality of Kiev has a special status in Ukraine compared to other administrative units in the country. The main difference is that the city citizen of branches of Ukrainian government level is directly subordinate, the regional authorities face the Crimea. In addition, (the Office of Managing Director in the hands of direct election figure, instead of being appointed, who is also the leader of the city), the head of the municipal administration, mayor of Kiev, and communal facilities have a high degree of Autonomy than in other parts of Ukraine.


Like most major cities, Kiev is an important administrative, cultural and scientific center of the country. It is the largest city in Ukraine, both in terms of population and area and has the highest levels of business activities. From January 1, 2010, there were over 238,000 registered companies in Kiev.

Official figures show that in order to beat the rest of the country between 2004 and 2008 the economy in Kiev, achieved an average annual growth of 11.5%. Following the global financial crisis that began in 2007, the economy suffered a severe backlog Kiev in 2009 with a gross regional product contraction of 13.5% in constant prices. During admission, the decline in activity by 1.6 percentage points less than the entire country was.

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