Asmara : The Capital City of Eritrea

capital city of Eritrea

The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara, its population around 578,000 inhabitants. The city boasts beautiful Italian-style architecture and fascinating historical sites. It is located in the northwest margin of the Great Rift Valley , on the high plateau, and has an amazing scenery and excellent opportunities for hiking and biking cycling.

Do You Know San Salvador is the capital city of El Salvador ?

History About Asmara

The city of Asmara which is the capital city of Eritrea, also known as Asmera, arose by the union of four villages in the 1100s . In 1889 it became colony of Italy , became national capital in 1897. Most of the center of the city was built by the Italians in the 1930s . The Italian colonial era greatly influenced the infrastructure, architecture and cuisine of Asmara which is the capital city of Eritrea, which was called at that time as “Piccola Roma” (Little Rome). At present, most of the buildings are of neo-Roman, Victorian and Art-Deco style and some places have names in Italian language.

capital city of Eritrea

Capital City Of Eritrea

During the war for the independence of Ethiopia , the airport of Asmara which is the capital city of Eritrea was used by the Eritreans to acquire arms and supplies from the outside. The last city to be taken by the People ‘s Liberation Front of Eritrea , occurred in 1990 and 24 of maypole of 1991 the troops of the Ethiopian army surrendered without a fight.

Interesting Facts About Asmara


Its climate is Mediterranean , temperate and pleasant with warm but not too hot summers and moderate winters. Asmara which is the capital city of Eritrea has an annual average of 520 millimeters of precipitation. It rarely snows in the city. The rainiest period is in the months of July and August, the driest months are January and February.

Surrounding areas

The indigenous tribes of Eritrea live on agriculture and grazing and can be found in nearby villages. The village Tselot is located 20 kilometers from the city center. In the village you can experience the traditional Eritrean lifestyle and enjoy the beautiful landscape with typical vegetation like eucalyptus , aloe and cactus . The village has fascinating ancient houses and temples made of stone. Villagers live on agriculture and grazing.


Asmara is a modern city with planned structures. Asmara’s main street, Independence Avenue, is surrounded by palm trees, shops, cafes and restaurants in Asmara offering Eritrean specialties and Italian delicacies. Asmara has modern facilities for tourists, but there is no night life in the city. There is a

good range of hotels in Asmara for all tastes and budgets. The colorful and lively market is an excellent place to haggle and buy delicious local fruits and vegetables, crafts and souvenirs.


Christians , Muslims and others have lived peacefully in Asmara for centuries and there are beautiful churches and mosques in the city.

The city is home to the archbishop of the Eritrean Orthodox Church, which acquired ecclesiastical sovereignty in 1993 . The archbishop was raised to the rank of Patriarch of Eritrea in 1998 , along with the Ethiopian Orthodox Church Tewahedo.


Flights to Asmara arrive at Asmara International Airport. Long distance buses operate between the main cities of Eritrea. Asmara public transport consists of buses and minibuses, which are the most economical way to get around the city. Buses are often crowded and do not have scheduled schedules. There are regular and shared taxis that are in the airport and the most important hotels. The city is small enough to be walked. You can rent cars in Asmara for short trips out of town.

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